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English Language

Department Mission

To develop every Casuarinian into a proficient user of the English Language through Engagement in Learning and Effective Communication programmes.

STELLAR - Str ategies for E nglish L anguage L earning A nd R eading.

STELLAR aims to strengthen both language and reading skills as well as promote a positive attitude towards reading in the foundational years through the use of well-established, learner-centred and developmentally appropriate pedagogical approaches using authentic children's literature.

The strategies used for lower primary (Primary 1-3):
  • Shared Book Approach (SBA)
  • Modified Language Experience Approach (MLEA)
  • Learning Centres (LCs)

STELLAR learning experience framework

The Shared Book Approach (SBA) is an integrated and balanced language teaching approach that uses motivating and enjoyable "big books" of enlarged print and illustrations or "e-book".

The Modified Language Experience Approach (MLEA) is an integrated and balanced language teaching approach that uses motivating and enjoyable experiences to extend and exapnd on the language skills learned from the Big Books of SBA.

Modified Language Experience Approach (MLEA)

Learning Centres (LCs) are designated areas in the classroom where groups of pupils can gather for the reinforcement and extensions of Shared Book Approach (SBA) and Modified Language Experience Approach (MLEA) lessons. Once the teacher has demonstrated to the pupils how to use these centres, they can work there independently with facilitation.


MLEA learning experience learning approach
Pupils embark on Learning Journeys before writing about their experiences

By Primary 3, most pupils can already handle more independence in reading and writing and the support from the shared reading of Big Books becomes less necessary. Teachers would then use another approach that provides some support, but leads to further independence in reading and learning.
The strategies used for upper Primary (Primary 4-6):
  • Support Reading (SR)
  • Know-Want to Know Learnt (KWL)
  • Writing Process Cycle
  • Differentiatd Instruction (DI)

A Supported Reading (SR) lesson hinges on the effective use of Questioning Techniques. Through the use of Questioning Techniques and making predictions, pupils are kept involved, their thinking is stimulated and they acquire critical comprehension strategies.

The Know-Want to Know-Learnt (KWL) strategy focuses on what pupils Know, what pupils Want to know, and what pupils have Learnt. KWL helps learners to approach text independently by teaching them a powerful comprehension strategy. Pupils will learn to connect reading, writing, listening and speaking in an authentic inquiry learning situation.

The Writing Process Cycle involves the processes of planning, writing and reviewing. A series of writing lessons begins with Class Writing followed by Group Writing, and lastly Independent Writing. These processes provide pupils with scaffolding that promotes the acquisition of writing skills in a sequential manner.

Differentiated Instruction (DI) creates a responsive and personalised learning experience for pupils. Teachers guide pupils through activities rather than spend most of the time delivering content. Reading materials are selected according to pupils’ reading levels. Pupils are coached to work in teams to practise collaborative learning and self-directed learning.


Effective Communication @ CAPS
In Casuarina Primary School, we believe in nurturing children into self-assured young people who are able to articulate their thoughts with confidence. This is in alignment with the Ministry of Education (MOE) C2015 Student Outcomes as outlined below :

Confident Person Self Directed Learners
Thinks independently
communicates effectively
Has good inter-personal skills
Takes responsibility for own learning
Questions, reflects, perseveres
Uses technology adeptly
Concerned Citizan Active Contributor
Is informed about world and local affairs
Empathizes and respects others.
Participates actively
Exercise initiative and takes risks
Is adaptable, innovative, resilient
Aims for high standards.

To achieve our aim of nurturing confident young speakers, every pupil is given the opportunity and exposure to hone their speaking, listening, reading and writing skills. The recognition of Casuarina Primary School as one of the TLLM Ignite!schools in November 2007 affirms the school's Effective Communication Programme which aims to channel pupils' energy into constructive performance in speech and showmanship through the teaching and learning of effective communication skills.

little starz kids theatre kids drama performance
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Effective Communication Programmes

Primary 1
Phonics Programme Little Starz Programme
Primary 2
Kidz Theatre Programme
Primary 3
Speech & Drama Programme
Primary 4 & 5
Public Speaking Programmes - Spotlight Speakers
Primary 6
PSLE Oral Skills Based Programme Morning Effective Communication@CAPS Programme

In addition to the programmes, during EL oral periods, pupils engage in activities such as speech and drama, poetry recitation, story-telling, project work presentations, Readers’ Theatre as well as oral skills examination-based instruction.
Pupils are given opportunities to perform on stage at intra- and inter-school levels through oratorical school activities such as the annual Lower Primary EL Storytelling Competition, English Language Week, debates, public speaking and choral reading.

kids performance class debate readers' theatre Readers' Theatre Performance Class Debate

English Language Week
The English Language Week is held annually in conjunction with Speak Good English Movement (SGEM). During the course of the week, pupils engage in a variety of activities ranging from speech & drama performances onstage, public speaking, storytelling, Readers’ Theatre, debates and the like. The primary aims of the English Language Week are to reiterate the importance of speaking standard English as well as to provide platforms for pupils to showcase their talents.

Structured Reading Programmes
In Casuarina Primary, we encourage our pupils to read widely. The structured reading programme aims to expose our pupils to a wide variety of reading materials that ranges from fiction to non-fiction. It provides opportunity for pupils to read and be exposed to a wide repertoire of reading materials and genres, complementing the class iREAD Library Programme as well as the Library Immersion Programme (LIP).

Primary 1 & 2
Steps into Reading Programme
Primary 3
National Geographic Programme
Primary 4, 5 & 6
ST Little Red Dot Programme